Ultrasonic Grating Apparatus

UGA001

United Scientific Supplies

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The Ultrasonic Grating Apparatus is both a unique demonstration of the interaction of longitudinal sound waves and transverse light waves and also a method for the precise determination of the speed of sound in liquids, which is otherwise difficult to do in the undergraduate lab.

The core of the apparatus is a parallel-sided glass tank that houses the liquid sample and contains a lead zirconate titanate (PZT) ultrasonic transducer. The transducer is energized by an RF signal in the 8-12 MHz range. Resonances can be found to set up a standing wave field in the liquid, which results in aperiodic variation of the liquids refractive index along the tank.